Access a range of resources, including research tools, publications database, toolkits, and more.
Alliance Resource Centre
An on-site resource centre, located in the lobby of the Alliance offices at 100-938 Howe Street in Vancouver, is available for use by the general public. Computers are available for use for research purposes. Available resources include reference guides and reports on:
- Careers and Employment
- Community Development
- Cultural Policy
- Event Planning
- Human Resources
- Salary Survey Report for the Non-Profit Sector
- Strategic Planning
- Touring and Tourism
Also available in our lobby are pamphlets, handbills, brochures and posters from various arts and culture organizations.
The Alliance is pleased to offer member-only access to Grant Connect, a valuable funding research tool that can help you to find new funding opportunities, target your proposals and organize your prospects.
See Funding for more information on how this tool can help you, and how to access the service.
To assist you with accessing sector-related data and research, we've compiled a listing of links to relevant research studies, resources, and other publications. This page is still being updated, so check back in the coming month for a more comprehensive list. Click the publication title to read.
Surveys and Research
British Columbia arts and culture research projects conducted for the Alliance for Arts + Culture by Hill Strategies Research Ltd., released February 2016.
- A presentation outlining the findings of background research for the projects;
- A comparison of the finances and government funding of select BC arts organizations with peer organizations in other provinces;
- Detailed findings of a province-wide survey of arts, culture, and heritage organizations;
- A brief report highlighting findings from qualitative interviews related to human resources, community engagement and impacts, diversity, the entrepreneurial nature of BC arts organizations, and the nature of success for different groups.
Hill, Kelly; Hill Strategies Research Ltd.
- The Arts Research Monitor was created by Hill Strategies Research in 2002, and is updated continually. It provides links to and synopses of qualitative and quantitative research in the arts and culture. It is intended to be used by artists, arts managers, funders, policy makers, researchers, and others who have an interest in learning more about the arts and culture.
- Statistical Insights on the Arts is a quantitative research series, created by Hill Strategies in 2002, that aims to provide reliable, recent and insightful data on the state of the arts in Canada. Funded by the Department of Canadian Heritage, the Ontario Arts Council, and the Canada Council for the Arts.
"Artists and Cultural Workers in Canadian Municipalities", December 2014
- The report examines the number, incomes, and demographic characteristic of artists and cultural workers by municipal size. The findings of the report include several indications. For example, artists tend to reside, and their average incomes are highest, in the largest cities of Canada. *Refer to full report for comprehensive details.
- The report suggests that there are 671,000 people in cultural occupations, comprising of 3.82% of the overall labour force. Furthermore, based on Labour Force Survey estimates, there was a 56% increase in the number of artists in Canada between 1989 and 2013, which is higher than the 38% increase in the overall labour force. In comparison with other provinces, BC has the largest percentage of its labour force in arts occupations (1.08%). *Refer to full report for comprehensive details. NOTE: Because of major methodological changes, data in this report are not comparable to data in previous reports in the Statistical Insights on the Arts.
"A Statistical Profile of Artists and Cultural Workers in Canada", October 2014
- The report examines comparable information for cultural workers and the overall labour force. There are 136,000 artists in Canada who spent more time at their art than at any other occupation, representing 0.78% of the overall Canadian labour force. One in every 129 Canadian workers is an artist. *Refer to full report for comprehensive details. Because of major methodological changes, data in this report are not comparable to data in previous reports in the Statistical Insights on the Arts.
"Understanding Diversity in British Columbia’s Arts Audiences", prepared for the Alliance for Arts and Culture, June 2014
- The presentation report discusses the trends of attendees for BC arts and culture events. Hill Strategies reported that BC residents are “avid cultural participants” and are culturally diverse, mixed with immigrants and First Nations people. *Refer to document for full and detailed report
- This report assesses the reliability and usefulness of potential data sources on the working lives of artists, including a close examination of the National Household Survey and the Labour Force Survey.
"The Arts and Individual Well-Being in Canada." January 2013
- The Arts and Individual Well-Being in Canada, the 39th report in the Statistical Insights on the Arts series, examines whether connections exist between Canadians' cultural activities and their personal well-being. The data in the report show that there is a strong connection between 18 cultural activities and eight indicators of health and well-being (such as health, mental health, volunteering, feeling stressed, and overall satisfaction with life).
"Financial and Statistical Analysis of 50 Canadian Orchestras: 2004-05 to 2010-11", prepared for Orchestras Canada, September 2012
- Research findings have indicated that the total revenues of the 50 orchestras equaled $158 million in 2010-11. Furthermore, after inflation, there was a 10% growth in operating revenues between 2004-05 and 2010-11. *Refer to document for full and detailed report.
"British Columbia’s Cultural Climate – Understanding the Arts in BC’s Economy and Society", prepared for the Alliance for Arts and Culture, June 2012
- The presentation report discusses the cultural supply and demand in British Columbia. The report further provides evidence on the value of the arts to BC’s quality of life, economic vitality, and vibrancy of its communities. *Refer to document for full and detailed report.
- Report findings suggest that all residences in each province participated in at least one arts, cultural, heritage activity in 2010. Over the past 18 years, there has been an increase in the participation rate for many arts, culture and heritage activities. *Refer to document for full and detailed report.
Annual Analyses of Provincial and Territorial Budgets by the Centre on Governance, University of Ottawa.
- The fourth annual analyses of provincial and territorial budgets from the perspective of the cultural sector, co-authored by M. Sharon Jeannotte, senior fellow at the Centre on Governance at the University of Ottawa, and Alain Pineau, former executive director of the Canadian Conference of the Arts.
- An analytical document examining how the 2013-14 territorial and provincial budget has impacted the cultural sector. Canadians have observed an increasing trend of government’s encouragement for greater private sector and personal support of the arts and culture. Overall, government policies in BC (compared to other provinces) tended to be more lenient towards the development of the cultural sector, i.e. establishment of two new creative industry agencies (BC Creative Futures, Creative BC).
Statistics Canada. "Provincial and Territorial Culture Satellite Account." June 2015
- The paper outlines the Provincial and Territorial Canadian Culture Satellite Account (PTCSA) developed by Statistics Canada, providing measures of the economic importance of culture (inclusive of the arts and heritage) and sport across Canada in terms of output, gross domestic product and employment, for reference year 2010.
Government of British Columbia. "Select Standing Committee on Finance and Government Services 2015 Report." November 2014.
PriceWaterhouseCoopers LLP for Creative BC. "British Columbia Music Industry Sector Profile", 2014.
- Report on BC’s music industry sector, mainly analyzing current trends, challenges, and opportunities. The impact of digitization and the availability of low-cost technology have led to the collapse of the traditional music business model. The report suggests a need for new measures in order to stabilize and restructure the music industry in British Columbia. *Refer to page 29 of document for summary of findings.
Technology in the Arts. "Arts & IT: Technology Adoption and Implementation in Arts Organizations." February 2012
- This report examines how the organizations use, implement and plan for technology. Responding organizations indicated that they feel as though they are one step behind in regards to technology. The report finds that two areas of greatest difficulty regarding technology implementation among arts organizations are "building/maintaining technology infrastructure and writing grants for technology." A large percentage of respondents did not respond with technology plans for the subsequent year, which may indicate an overall lack of planning for future technology.
Creative Trust for Arts and Culture. "Audience Engagement Survey." December 2010.
- This report discusses the results and implications of an Audience Engagement Survey conducted by Creative Trust and Hill Strategies Research. The survey allowed various Toronto-based arts organizations to hear directly from their audiences about motivation for attendance. The results allowed participating organizations to utilize survey data to stimulate attendance in the future. Because of its scope, this report can be generalized and applied to organizations in British Columbia.
PriceWaterhouseCoopers LLP. Statistics and Economics Group Advisory Services. "Opportunity BC 2020: Creative Sector. Report for the Business Council of British Columbia", 2009.
- Report on BC’s creative sector, defined as “all media and entertainment based industrial activity, such as film and television, print-publishing, and more recently, internet-based entertainment and video games. The Creative Sector adds some $4 billion dollars in wealth to BC, representing 2.7% of provincial CDP, also employing over 85,000 people. In the verge of a global boom for the creative sector, BC must overcome several factors (e.g. lack of political focus, lack of world leading technology infrastructure) in order to reach its full potential. *Refer to page 31 of document for summary.
Slaby, Alexandra prepared for the Canadian Conference for the Arts. "Making a Single Case for the Arts: An International Perspective", October 2008.
- The article addresses challenges faced by Canadian arts and culture organizations in advocating for the arts and examines successful cases in other countries. Slaby points out that Canada had not been able to develop arts advocacy networks like those in other countries largely due to the lack of coordination among different levels of arts administrations. *Refer to page 25 of document for conclusion and recommendations.
Gollmitzer, Mirjam and Dr. Catherine Murray (SFU) for the Canadian Conference of the Arts. "From Economy to Ecology: A Policy Framework for Creative Labour", March 2008
- Research paper discussing the current policy approaches directed at the creative economy in Canada and internationally. They argue that most countries, including Canada, do not possess a comprehensive policy framework for the creative economy despite the general assumption that the creative economy will produce a more flexible, multi-skilled, and mobile labour force. The researchers offer four recommendations for policy-makers with the overall goal of a theoretically and practically elegant integration of culture and the economy in policy practice. *Refer to page 4 of document for executive summary.
Holden, John. "Cultural Value and the Crisis of Legitimacy: Why Culture Needs a Democratic Mandate." 2006.
- This paper seeks to address what it calls the culture sector's "crisis of legitimacy," which is the loss of support and public investment from government over time due to a general lack of understanding about culture's benefits. It explains that, although culture's value has increased more recently in the eyes of politicians, the public and cultural professionals value culture in a different way. The author calls for cultural professionals to take the lead in solving the problem, and outlines the process for doing so.
Music Canada. "BC’s Music Sector – From Adversity to Opportunity." February 2016.
- A report highlighting British Columbia’s wealth of talented artists and music assets—sources of economic diversity and job creation in communities throughout every region of the province—and the factors that have put these assets at risk.
Ekos Research Associates for Canada Council for the Arts. "Findings from Yes I Dance: A Survey of Who Dances in Canada." 2014.
- As part of the Canada Dance Mapping Study, Canada Council invited Canadian dancers, teachers and choreographers to participate in nation-wide online survey called Yes I Dance. The report summarizes the results of the survey, designed to gain a better understanding of who dances in Canada, where they dance, and why.
Cultural Policy Reference Materials
We've compiled a list of links to cultural policies and strategy documents as well as additional reading suggestions on the topic of cultural policy.
Links to Cultural Policies and Strategy Documents
In British Columbia
Arts Advocacy British Columbia (2011). Creating a Policy for Arts and Culture in British Columbia: A Draft Proposal.
Cultural Policy In Canada
New Brunswick Provincial Government (2014). Creative Futures: A renewed Cultural Policy for New Brunswick 2014-2019.
New Brunswick Provincial Government, Culture and Sport Secretariat (2007). Cultural Policy for New Brunswick. Fredericton: Wellness, Culture and Sport.
Government of Saskatchewan (2008). Reflections: A Summary of 30 Years of Cultural Policy Discussions in Saskatchewan.
Government of Saskatchewan (2010). Moving from Reflections to Action.
Government of Alberta (2009). The Spirit of Alberta: Alberta's Cultural Policy.
Winnipeg Arts Council (2008). A ticket to the Future: A Cultural Action Plan for Winnipeg.
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, Department of Tourism, Culture and Recreation (2002). A Cultural Policy For Newfoundland and Labrador.
Around The World
Government of Australia (2013). Creative Australia - National Cultural Policy. Retrieved from Government of Australia website.
Culture Ireland (2006). Culture Ireland- promoting the Arts Abroad. (First statement of policy by Ireland’s national agency to promote and advance the arts in an international context).
Cultural Policy and the Arts National Archive Data (US info, but includes links to many studies)
UN Agenda 21 for Culture. Part of a broader UN initiative regarding sustainable development.
Canadian Conference of the Arts / Centre on Governance, University of Ottawa (2013). Flat-lined But Still Alive: Analyses of the Provincial and Territorial 2012-13 Budgets from the Perspective of Arts, Culture and Heritage.
Darby, Kathleen & Slivinski, Judith (2003). Creative Manitoba: An Economic Development Strategy for the Cultural Sector.
Phoenix Strategic Perspectives; prepared for the Department of Canadian Heritage. (2012). Arts and Heritage in Canada: Access and Availability Survey 2012.
BC Arts Policy Working Group (wiki created after Stand Up for the Arts meeting in Vancouver, Sept. 2010; Arts Policy working group facilitated by David Diamond.
The Challenge of Assessing the Creative Economy: Towards Informed Policy-Making (United Nations Creative Economy Report 2008).
Creative Economy: A Feasible Development Option (United Nations Creative Economy Report 2010)
Compendium of Research Papers – The International Forum on the Creative Economy by the Conference Board of Canada (large number of papers and reference documents in here).
Creative City Initiative (2008). Creative City Initiative.
Weseen, Simon & Olfert, M. Rose, prepared for the Saskatchewan Institute of Public Policy, University of Regina (2008). Cultural Policy in Saskatchewan.
Bakhshi, H., Freeman, A., & Higgs, P. (2013). A Dynamic Mapping of the UK's Creative Industries. NESTA. London: NESTA.
Canadian Conference of the Arts. (2013). Analyses of Provincial and Territorial budgets 2012-2013 for the perspective of arts, culture and heritage. University of Ottawa, Centre on Governance, Ottawa.
Canadian Tourism Research Institute. (2012). Labour Supply and Demand: the future of Canada's tourism sector. Ottawa: The Conference Board of Canada.
Caust, J. (2003). Putting the 'Art Back into Arts Policy Making: How arts policy has been 'captured' by the economists and the marketeers. International Journal of Cultural Policy , 9 (1), 51-63.
Comunian, Roberta, 2009. Questioning creative work as driver of economic development: the case of Newcastle-Gateshead. Creative Industries Journal, 2(1), 57-71
Flew, T. (2012). The Creative Industries. London: SAGE.
Flyvbjerg, B., & Stewart, A. (2012, June). Olympic Proportions: Cost and Cost Overrun at the Olympics 1960-2012. Saïd Business School working papers.
Garnham, N. (2001). From the arts to the creative industries: anatomy of a confusion. In S. Selewood (Ed.), The UK Cultural Sector (pp. 445-458). Policy Studies Institute, University of Westminister.
Gadwa, Anne, and Markuson, Ann (2010, January). Arts and Culture in Urban or Regional Planning: A Review and Research Agenda. Journal of Planning Education and Research , Vol. 29 No. 3., 379-391.
Gibbon, C. (2011). How much can the creative industries contribute to regional development in Britain? BOP Consulting. London: BOP.
Gollmitzer, M., & Murray, C. (2008). From Economy to Ecology: A policy framework for creative labour. Simon Fraser University, Centre of Expertise on Culture and Communities. Canadian Conference of the Arts.
Hartley, J. (Ed.). (2005). Creative Industries. London: Blackwell Publishing.
Hesmondhalgh, D. (2012). The Creative Industries 3rd Edition. London: SAGE.
Howkins, J. (2001). The Basics. Retrieved May 21, 2013, from The Creative Economy: http://www.creativeeconomy.com/thebasics.htm
Hutton, T. (2008). The New Economy of the Inner City. Routledge.
Mirza, M. (2012). The Politics of Culture - The case for universalism. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Paquette, J. (2008). Engineering the Northern Bohemian: Local Cultural Policies and Governance in the Creative City Era. Space and Polity , 12 (3), 297-310.
Potts, J. (2011). Creative Industries and Economic Evolution. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
Suebee Media Consulting. (2012). From the Margins to the Mainstream Moving BC's Creative Industries Forward. Vancouver. Retrieved May 5, 2014, from CMPA-BC Producer's Branch.
Thorsby, D. (2010). The Economics of Cultural Policy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Throsby, D. (2010). Chapter 8 Tourism in D. Throsby, The Economics of Cultural Policy (pp. 146-157). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Vancouver Foundation. (2009). Weathering the Storm. Vancouver: Vancouver Foundation.
Work Foundation. (2007). Staying Ahead: The economic performance of the Creative industries. London: Work Foundation.
Wyman, M. (2004). The Defiant Imagination. Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre.
Making the Case for Arts and Culture: positive effects
The Economy and Business
Brinton, Susan (Suebee Media Consulting) prepared for the Magazine Association of BC, Music BC, the Canadian Media Production Association (BC Producers' Branch) and the Association of Book Publishers of BC. "From the Margins to the Mainstream: Moving BC’s Creative Industries Forward", April 2012.
- Discussion on the rapidly growing creative industries as an important driver in BC economy. Susan Brinton of Suebee Media Consulting recommends a three-year public-policy strategy (namely, ‘Blueprint for Success’ (Page 12)), a step-by-step process by which the government works in partnership with the creative sector for its success.
Business for the Arts. "Building the Case for Business Support of the Arts." February 2015.
- "This report brings together new research and other findings to lay the foundation for a more evidence-based case of business support of the arts." Through a survey, it finds extremely high public engagement in the arts - even higher than public engagement with sports. It elaborates that high public engagement in the arts and culture presents several good opportunities for businesses through investment such as public image, advertising, community support, and high ROI and SROI (social ROI).
Business for the Arts. "A strategic and economic business case for private and public sector investment in the arts in Canada." October 2009.
- This article makes a strong business case for private and public investment in the arts. It highlights major benefits of investment, such as high return, corporate improvement, and social effects that work for businesses. By looking at specific Canadian arts organizations that have received significant investment, the article makes a tangible claim that increased investment in the arts is good for not just the arts and culture sector, but for the private and public sector alike.
Conference Board of Canada. "Compendium of Research Papers – The International Forum on the Creative Economy". August 2008.
- The article highlights the important social and economic contributions of Canada’s culture sector, as well as major trends and key drivers affecting its performance. *Refer to page iii of document for executive summary.
Creative City Network of Canada. "Making the Case for Culture." 2005.
- "Making the Case for Culture is a series of six papers that details the 'how and why' culture is key to our betterment." The six articles include (1) Culture as an Economic Engine, (2) Urban Renewal and Revitalization, (3) Building Community Identity and Pride, (4) Arts and Positive Change in Communities, (5) Quality of Life/Quality of Place, and (6) Personal and Social Development and Youth. This resource is applicable to both our Economy and Business section and Social and Individual Benefits section.
Nordicity. "The Economic Contribution of the Film and Television Sector in Canada." July 2013.
- "This comprehensive study captures the impact of the entire industry value chain on the country’s economy, including the direct, indirect and induced impacts of film and television production and distribution, manufacturing, and distribution of content to consumers (e.g. exhibition, retail sales and rentals, television broadcasting, etc.). The report also investigates spillover economic effects, such as film festivals, tourism and more."
Pedroni, Peter and Stephen Sheppard. "Culture Shocks and Consequences: The Causal Link Between the Arts and Economic Growth." August 2013.
- This paper begins by asking the question, "Is there a relationship between local arts and culture production and local prosperity that is not transitory, but permanent?" Through extensive exploratory research, the authors conclude that in addition to attracting and retaining skilled labour, heightened per capita cultural production is related to permanently heightened per capita GDP in all regions.
Social and Individual Benefits
Arts Council England. "The Impact of the Arts: Some Research Evidence." 2004.
- This article draws on a wide breadth of research to measure and evaluate the positive social and economic benefits of the arts. It "draws together research evidence on the impact of arts on employment, education, health, criminal justice and regeneration," presenting findings on the impact of the arts on individuals and communities. It summarizes these benefits under four specific categories including social inclusion, regeneration, leverage, and public support for the arts.
CAPACOA and Inga Petri of Strategic Moves. "The Value of Presenting: A Study of Performing Arts Presentation in Canada", 2013
- A discussion on the recent demographic statistics regarding, and the benefits of, performing arts in Canada. Canadians experience the performing arts differently due to disparities in socio-economic status despite the strong correlation between attending performing arts, well being and civic engagement.
Gordon, John C. and Helen Beilby-Orrin. "International Measurement of the Economic and Social Importance of Culture." 2006.
- "This new OECD project will provide an approach to measuring the economic and social importance of culture and will deliver initial quantitative estimates of these measures. The project will also explore the linkages between culture and well-being."
Gordon-Nesbitt, Rebecca. "Exploring the Longitudinal Relationship Between Arts Engagement and Health." February 2015.
- This report explored "how engagement in the arts – as an audience member and/or practitioner – affects our physical and psychological health over time." Through the examination of various research done in the past, this report finds "a significant association between engaging with the arts and longer lives better lived."
Murhead, Alice and Sarah de Leeuw. "Art and Wellness: The Importance of Art for Aboriginal Peoples' Health and Healing." Prepared for the NCCAH. 2012.
- This article explores the relationship between health, healing, and the arts in "addressing persistent health inequities" between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities. Research finds that arts are increasingly used to "[improve] the quality of a patient's life" and reduce the effect a sickness may have on their jobs and families. Due to the centrality of art in Aboriginal culture, the article stresses the relevance of art for health and healing to Aboriginal peoples in Canada.
Phoenix Strategic Perspectives Inc. "Arts and Heritage in Canada: Access and Availability Survey 2012." Prepared for the Department of Canadian Heritage. November 2012.
- Based on a survey of 1,001 Canadians 18 or older in June and July of 2012, this report examines Canadians’ attendance and personal involvement in the arts, culture, and heritage, as well as their perceptions regarding cultural activities and government support of culture.
Regional Cities East. "Bigger Thinking for Smaller Cities: How arts and culture can tackle economic, social and democratic engagement challenges in smaller cities." September 2010.
- A discussion paper on the ways that arts and culture policies and practices can improve the economic, social, and democratic situation of small cities. It argues that arts and culture are often discounted because the majority of their returns are immeasurable values, and that this is exactly why they should be utilized in contribution to economic, social, and democratic regeneration. It makes the case for arts and culture in this regard, and makes several policy recommendations.
Sidford, Holly. National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy. "Fusing Arts, Culture, and Social Change: High Impact Strategies for Philanthropy." 2011.
- This article makes the point that current philanthropy in the arts is directed towards only the largest arts and culture organizations, causing smaller organizations that focus on social justice issues such as marginalized populations or at-risk communities to be less effective. Based on research, the article calls for funders to focus on the current needs of communities to allow more arts and culture organizations to engage in positive social change.
Stanley, Dick. Canadian Journal of Communication. "The Social Effects of Culture", 2006.
- The article discusses the social effects of participation in the arts and heritage, with a specific focus on how the participation contributes to “cultural citizenship”. Stanley identifies six interconnected social effects of culture, arts, and heritage: 1) enhancing understanding and capacity for action; 2) creating and retaining identity; 3) modifying values and preferences for collective choice; 4) building social cohesion; 5) contributing to community development; 6) fostering civic participation.
Future Plans for Arts and Culture
BC Arts Council. "Strategic Plan 2014-2018", 2014.
- A new strategic plan from the BC Arts Council in their mission to engage all British Columbians in a healthy arts and cultural community. The five-year plan is highlighted by four goals, each accompanied by specific strategies: 1) Foster artistic excellence in all art forms and practices; 2) Strengthen engagement in the arts; 3) Support the richness of aboriginal artists and communities in British Columbia; 4) Enhance support for arts and culture in British Columbia.
City of Vancouver: Creative City Task Force. "Culture Plan for Vancouver 2008-2018", 2008.
- “The central vision of this ten year Culture Plan is to promote and enhance the culture and creative diversity of the City of Vancouver to the benefit of our citizens, our creative community, and our visitors. We will build upon Vancouver’s current diverse and plentiful artistic and entertainment offerings to create a new dynamism and pride in our cultural life.” *Refer to page 5 of document for executive summary.
- The article discusses the current situation of the creative economy of British Columbia, whereby the BC government has paid little attention to facilitative policies thus far as of 2012. Lorimer recommends two primary actions that may assist BC realize and take advantage of the potential inherent in the creative industry. * Refer to page 5 of document for executive summary.